Calf Pain

Calf Pain

Calf Pain services offered in Montclair, NJ

A painful calf could be something as simple as a cramp or a sign of a deeper issue like tendinitis or artery problems. At Family and Sport Medicine Institute of NJ in Summit and Montclair, New Jersey, Melissa Mascaro, MD, Joelle Stabile Rehberg, DO, and Christina Hector, DO, specialize in treating calf injuries with individualized and conservative care. Call Family and Sport Medicine Institute of NJ to rehabilitate your injury or book an appointment online today.

What is calf pain?

Calf pain is any pain or discomfort that occurs on the back of your legs between your knees and ankles. You use your calf muscles to walk and run, and overuse issues often affect them, especially in athletes. 

Most instances of calf pain subside quickly with rest. You should contact Family and Sport Medicine Institute of NJ for a medical evaluation if your calf pain:

  • Is severe
  • Is long-lasting
  • Comes with leg discoloration
  • Causes walking problems
  • Comes with swelling

Fortunately, most cases of calf pain aren’t indicative of anything severe. The team at Family and Sport Medicine Institute of NJ can explain your diagnosis and recommend suitable treatments. 

Which injuries and conditions cause calf pain?

Many injuries and conditions can lead to pain or discomfort in one or both of your calf muscles. A thorough evaluation can identify injuries and conditions that cause calf pain, such as:


Calf cramps are common due to dehydration and excessive muscle exertion. They typically only last a few seconds or minutes, but lingering discomfort can last for hours. They happen when the muscles in your calves contract suddenly and strongly.


Muscle strains are injuries that happen when you overstretch specific muscles. Severe strains can involve muscle tearing. 


Tendinitis is an overuse injury characterized by tendon inflammation. Some types of tendinitis, like Achilles tendinitis, can strain your calf muscle. 

Vein and artery problems

Some calf pain comes from vascular issues you can’t see. Claudication (narrowed arteries) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are two examples. 

How can I manage my calf pain?

Managing calf pain involves individualized care according to your diagnosis. For cramps, your treatment may be as minimal as drinking more water or warming up before you exercise. 

The initial treatment for any calf pain is the rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) method. You can also gently stretch your calf to alleviate cramps. If you need professional care at Family and Sport Medicine Institute of NJ, the team might recommend:

  • Pain medications
  • Physical therapy
  • Immobilization with a cast
  • Acupressure
  • Lifestyle alterations

If you play sports, the team helps you gradually and safely return to your athletics as you recover from a calf injury. 

To determine the underlying cause of your calf pain and get personalized treatment recommendations, call Family and Sport Medicine Institute of NJ or schedule an appointment online today.